Langkit : Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities <p><strong><em>Langkit</em>: Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities </strong>is an annual, interdisciplinary and academic journal. <em>Langkit</em> welcomes research manuscripts in the fields of social sciences, cultural studies, literature, humanities and arts, book reviews and creative works. Published annually, <em>Langkit</em> follows the peer review process in evaluating submitted works. </p> <p><strong><em>Langkit</em>: Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities</strong> (ISSN: 2094-4640; E-ISSN: 2815-2220) is hosted by the College of Arts and Social Sciences and published by the Mindanao State University - Iligan Institute of Technology, Iligan City, Philippines 9200. </p> MSU - Iligan Institute of Technology, Iligan City, Philippines, 9200 en-US Langkit : Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities 2094-4640 Devolution of Health Services in the Time of Pandemic: Implications of Challenges and Strategies to the Philippine Health Devolution <p>Despite being considered the most aggressive in the Asia-pacific region, the Philippine<br />health devolution has many deficits, particularly financial and personnel resources.<br />Therefore, it becomes a problem to address health issues during the pandemic. This study sought to investigate the implications of challenges and strategies adapted by LGU of the Province of Bukidnon to the nature of Philippine health devolution in the pandemic. This research utilized the qualitative method, conducting open-ended interviews with the provincial health administrator and with the chief of the COVID-19 facility in the province. Also, online news articles and government websites such as their Facebook pages were accessed to provide additional data for the study. The study found that the lack of health facilities is primarily experienced during the pandemic. The mismatch of funding with the cost of the devolved health services and functions to the LGUs becomes apparent during this global health crisis. However, the study also revealed that the power and authority to perform specific roles and responsibilities at the local level allow public health officials to address local conditions. The ability of the local officials to coordinate with private sectors and the<br />other LGUs and their capacity to look into local conditions and have a vast decision space allow them to manage local health problems. This article argues for more effective health governance mechanisms at the local level since devolution itself does not ensure better health-care delivery.</p> Jornie Lumintao Copyright (c) 2022 Langkit : Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities 2021-11-11 2021-11-11 10 1 13 Evaluation Schema in the Sendong Survivors’ Narratives <p>The conversational/everyday story is the least studied of the two primary forms of narratives: literary and conversational/everyday. Though some studies on the schemas or elements comprising conversational narratives, most of these are from Western perspectives. To address this gap, this paper determines the types and features of the evaluation schema reflected in the oral narratives of personal experiences of the typhoon Sendong (Washi) survivors in the barangays of Sta. Filomena, Hinaplanon, and Santiago of Iligan City, Philippines. Forty informants (40) were asked to describe their Sendong experiences orally, and audio-recorded interviews were transcribed. The narrative clauses were coded using Labov and Waletzky’s six narrative schema model as the main framework highlighting the evaluation schemas of these narratives. Results showed two general evaluation schemas in the Sendong narratives: the external evaluation and the embedded/internal evaluation. It is also revealed in the study that evaluation schemas can also be categorized based on content. These typologies include individual evaluation, collective evaluation (which could be inclusive or exclusive), outsider’s evaluation, and the “you” evaluation. The study concludes that the presence of these culture-specific types of evaluation (other than the individual evaluation) reflects the collectivistic culture of the Filipinos, that of focusing more on the “we” than the “I” as depicted in the evaluative comments of the Sendong survivors in this study.</p> Merceditha Carreon-Alicando Copyright (c) 2022 Langkit : Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities 2021-11-11 2021-11-11 10 15 33 Pagsasalin sa Filipino ng Sugilanon ni Marcelo Geocallo: Tungo sa Pagsusulong ng Panitikan ng Rehiyon <p>This paper features the translation of a sugilanon written by a Visayan writer Marcelo Geocallo. His piece of work is written in Cebuano language commonly considered as <em>Binisaya</em> and has been translated into Filipino. Translating this sugilanon gives the wider audience access to understand and evaluate the characteristics — its aesthetics and poetics. Apart from the translation, this paper also focuses on the context of the work and how it describes the society of Lanao del Norte and Mindanao in general. The researcher is a native speaker of Binisaya and this is a big help in translating the text into Filipino language. In relation to literary translation, the original form of words and expressions with cultural and technical meaning is sustained. More attention is paid to the context of the work. Thus, this paper proves that translation is also a creative creation. On the other hand, the sugilanon describes and narrates the life and experience of the people of Lanao shaped by the experiences of the migration or dislocation of indigenous people to remote areas, land grabbing, illegal logging, and the impact of industrialization. This sugilanon also reflects the preservation of traditional practices of the indigenous people despite modern advances and technology. In this story, the main character Sultan Malawi shows sincere love and care for the forest that is the source of their livelihood and the history of their race.</p> Marina Quilab Copyright (c) 2022 Langkit : Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities 2021-11-11 2021-11-11 10 36 52 Ang Rasyonalisasyon sa Piling Akda ni Macario Tiu Mula sa Lenteng Ethical Literary Criticism <p>Ethical selection is the only characteristic that separates man from animal. It enables man to do more things that animals cannot do, such as decision-making and rationalizing things. Using Zhenzhao's (2015) approach to ethical literary criticism, this study intends to show how the decisions made by the characters in Macario Tiu's selected works are rationalized. Selected short stories written by Macario Tiu such as "Tsuru", "Balyan", "Nanking Store", "Black Pearl", and "Ang Bata nga Dili Matulog" were used as data for the study. The paper sought to identify the many violated norms or ethical biases from characters in the ethics of society. With ethical literary criticism, the reasons for their decisions are rationalized. Hence, this paper aims to analyze and evaluate selected works of Macario Tiu using ethical literary criticism. This paper also revealed the difference between morality and ethics in analyzing characters’ actions in the selected works. Through rationalization, the character was able to stand by his/her decisions. The study shows that from the ethical selection made by each character, it can be said that each decision has an associated deep reason why it was made. Judging and rationalizing the action taken by the character is only one of the focuses of this study. On the whole, through this study, it has been proven that this approach can be used in the analysis of a literary work, especially in matters of morality and ethics.</p> Johnel Lumacao Copyright (c) 2022 Langkit : Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities 2021-11-11 2021-11-11 10 54 70 Ang Totoo Raya, Ang Buwan ay Itlog ng Butiki <p>Mga Tula sa Koleksyon</p> <p><br>I. Ang Totoo Raya, Ang Buwan ay Itlog ng Butiki<br>II. Bilangin Natin ang Ating Biyaya<br>III. Tugmaan at Bugtungan<br>IV. Ang mga Nalilimutan Nating Kulay<br>V. Kawangis na Hugis<br>VI. Mga Tunog na Walang Kaabog-abog<br>VII. Si Tanya, ang Uwak na Gustong Pumuti<br>VIII. Si Ding Kambing<br>IX. Kung Bakit Walang Ipuipu sa Isla Banayad<br>X. Ang Totoo, Raya<br><br></p> German Gervacio Copyright (c) 2022 Langkit : Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities 2021-11-11 2021-11-11 10 71 81